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ontology in computer science

In the context of computers, ontology acts as a structural framework. Indeed,it is hard to find an area of life that has not been fundamentallychanged and enhanced by their application. P    #    Z, Copyright © 2020 Techopedia Inc. - Dong Shen, Songhang Chen, in Service Science, Management, and Engineering:, 2012. It was produced by the Open University in collaboration with Springer Nature by running an information extraction system over a large corpus of scientific articles. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Ontology in computer science . Several branches were manually improved by domain experts. Are Insecure Downloads Infiltrating Your Chrome Browser? Containing Philosophy in general, Metaphysicks or Ontology, Dynamilogy or a Discourse of Power, Religio Philosophi or Natural Theology, Physicks or Natural philosophy,by Gideon Harvey (1636/7-1702), London, Thomson… Ontology is derived from a branch of philosophy called metaphysics, which is concerned with the study of what exists. In particular, the ontology of software systems affects the debate about property rights over programs, and the methodology of software development helps in clarifying and distinguishing the moral responsibilities of developers. W    F    It is a framework to represent information, and as such it can be representationally successful whether or not the formal theory used in fact truly describes a domain of entities… Kitchenham BA, Charters S. Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering, Technical Report EBSE-2007-01, School of Computer Science and Mathematics, Keele University; 2007. Big Data and 5G: Where Does This Intersection Lead? I    In computer science and information science, an ontology formally represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts.It can be used to reason about the entities within that domain and may be used to describe the domain.. It was produced by the Open University in collaboration with Springer Nature by running an information extraction system over a large corpus of scientific articles. ; Paula, M.G. This ontology defines elements for describing computer science departments and the activities that occur at them. In this section each of these components is discussed in turn. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. It encodes specifications for software modularity and structuring, with the aim of subsuming many other existing specification languages. In computer science and information science, an ontology formally represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts. openHPI is the educational Internet platform of the German Hasso Plattner Institute, Potsdam. Gómez-Pérez, A..; Fernadéz-Peréz, M.; Corcho, O. Download preview PDF. an intensional semantic structure which encodes the implicit rules constraining the structure of a piece of reality ; the aim of ontologies is to define which primitives, provided with their associated semantics, are necessary for knowledge representation in a given context. This is a preview of subscription content. The book on Ontology in Information Science explores a broad set of ideas and presents some of the state-of-the-art research in this field concisely in 12 chapters. Noy, N.F. 26 Real-World Use Cases: AI in the Insurance Industry: 10 Real World Use Cases: AI and ML in the Oil and Gas Industry: The Ultimate Guide to Applying AI in Business. Dong Shen, Songhang Chen, in Service Science, Management, and Engineering:, 2012. Ontology ontology -> 24 25. ntology O a logical theory which gives an explicit, partial account of a conceptualization i.e. Download Citation | Ontology in Computer Science | The word ontology comes from the Greek ontos (being) + logos (word). Originally Latin ontologia (1606, Ogdoas Scholastica, by Jacob Lorhard (Lorhardus)), from Ancient Greek ὤν (ṓn, “on”), present participle of εἰμί (eimí, “being, existing, essence”) + λόγος (lógos, “account”). Brooks/Cole, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. Ontology open new doors for what there is too. The meaning of certain information is generally expressed based on conceptual information models, which are used for modeling applications and structuring data. This usage originates in the artificial intelligence community, who use logic to perform reasoning tasks. It was used firstly for for artificial intelligence and machine translation in computer science. Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia. We’re Surrounded By Spying Machines: What Can We Do About It? In computer science and information science, an ontology formally represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts. Not logged in 1.1k Downloads; Part of the NASA Monographs in Systems and Software Engineering book series (NASA) Abstract. In: Buranarach, M. (2001) The foundation for semantic interoperability on the world wide web. However, SQL is essentially a logical language. Terms of Use - 4. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. The use of the formal ontology here is representational. In this paper, we present the Computer Science Ontology (CSO), a large-scale, granular, and automatically generated ontology of research areas which includes 14,164 topics and 162,121 semantic relationships. McGuinness, D. L. (2003) Ontologies come of age. Ontologien in der Informatik sind meist sprachlich gefasste und formal geordnete Darstellungen einer Menge von Begriffen und der zwischen ihnen bestehenden Beziehungen in einem bestimmten Gegenstandsbereich (in Anlehnung an den klassischen Begriff der Ontologie).Sie werden dazu genutzt, „Wissen“ in digitalisierter und formaler Form zwischen Anwendungsprogrammen und Diensten … However, SQL is essentially a logical language. issues in engineering, computer science, and ontology (English Edition) eBook: taha, consultant expert dr mohamed: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop In computer science, ontology renders a framework for defining the domain that consists of a set of concepts, characteristics and relationships. More of your questions answered by our Experts. On openHPI you take part in a worldwide social learning network based on interactive online courses covering different subjects in Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The CSO model is an extension of the BIBO ontology which in turn builds on SKOS. 67.225.242.179. 3. 10.1 Intellectual Property Rights on Computational Artifacts. Gruber, T.R. Computer science ontologies are children of Artificial Intelligence that recently came to maturity and powerful conceptual tools of Knowledge Modeling. In: Guarino, N.; Carrara, M.; Giaretta, P. (1994) An ontology of meta-level categories In: Lakoff, G. (1987) Women, Fire and Dangerous Things — What Categories Reveal about the Mind. That is, an ontology is a description (like a formal specification of a program) of the concepts and relationships that can exist for an agent or a community of agents. U    2. As mentioned above, most ontologies describe individuals (instances), classes (concepts), attributes, and relations. 5. A branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature and relations of being. Deep Reinforcement Learning: What’s the Difference? In computer science the term ontology is indeed used very broadly and sometimes used improperly from a philosophical perspective well that's the nub of the issue: the term means something different in computer science than it does in philosophy. I’ll be explicit in the difference between philosophical ontology and the ontology related to information and data in computer science. Chapter. The 6 Most Amazing AI Advances in Agriculture. Ontology []. Most recently, in computer science, an ontology has been used as a term to mean a computer-interpretable set of terms, axioms, and propositions over which reasoning can be performed. 4 Unfortunately, the terminology used in Computer Science is problematic here. Cite as. For the sake of avoiding technical jargon, in the CSO Portal this predicate is referred to as alternative label of. Smart Topic Miner. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications Available at: http://dmoz.org/. Review and cite ONTOLOGY (COMPUTER SCIENCE) protocol, troubleshooting and other methodology information | Contact experts in ONTOLOGY (COMPUTER SCIENCE) to get answers ... For example, a... Download. – What does ‘being’ mean? The primary concepts used for building such models include entity, activity, element and purpose. Objective: The study sought to extracts information about the steps, methods, techniques, initiatives and strategies that is use in establishing ontology in the medical sector. Software systems are still electromechanical things. (2004) OWL web ontology language overview. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered Jobs; Are semantic networks ontologies? In computer science and information science, an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really exist in a particular domain of discourse.. An ontology (in information science) compartmentalizes the variables needed for some set of computations and establishes the relationships between them. For example, Common Algebraic Specification Language, is a de facto standard in software specification that is also considered an ontology language. They play a key role in the vision of the Semantic Web where they provide the semantic vocabulary used to annotate websites in a way meaningful for machine interpretation. The conceptual models define the semantic terms and mechanisms for organizing the information by making a set of assumptions about the actual applications to be modeled. (1993) A translation approach to portable ontologies. If you’re running a piece of software like Call of Duty, there are (obviously) no actual soldiers or guns or bullets or buildings in there. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) is an automatically generated taxonomy of research topics in the field of Computer Science. – What modes of being do entities have? What components make up an IT infrastructure, and how do they work together? Computer ontology refers to the interpretation of a group of ideas within a specific domain that defines the interrelationship between those ideas. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. R    But to run these algorithms, organizations need data and code. Please send any comments or suggestions to the contact listed below. November 8, 2001, 121 pp. Sharing one concept about ontology . - Renew or change your cookie consent, Optimizing Legacy Enterprise Software Modernization, How Remote Work Impacts DevOps and Development Trends, Machine Learning and the Cloud: A Complementary Partnership, Virtual Training: Paving Advanced Education's Future, IIoT vs IoT: The Bigger Risks of the Industrial Internet of Things, MDM Services: How Your Small Business Can Thrive Without an IT Team. For some physicists in the 1900s there was simply no r… It includes concepts such as departments, faculty, students, courses, research, and publications. (2001) Ontology development 101: A guide to creating your first ontology. This definition was originally proposed in 1992 and posted as shown below. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/. What are the things that give substance to such applications?The trite answer is the entities that computer scient… What is an Ontology? Make the Right Choice for Your Needs. The Merriam Webster online dictionary defines the term ontology as: 1. [Adapted from Data modelling versus Ontology engineering (PDF)] In computer science, ontology renders a framework for defining the domain that consists of a set of concepts, characteristics and relationships. The difference between Taxonomy vs Ontology is a topic that often perplexes even the most seasoned data professionals, Data Scientists, Data Analysts, and many a technology writer. In relation to computer science, ontology refers to computer-based resources that represent agreed domain semantics An ontology consists of relatively generic knowledge that can be reused by different kinds of applications or tasks. V    What is the difference between a mobile OS and a computer OS? Ontology was originally linked to philosophy where it means explanation or description of an objective existence, or in other words, the philosophy of being or the types of existence. What is the difference between alpha testing and beta testing? In computer science and information science, an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular domain of discourse. Smart Data Management in a Post-Pandemic World. T    Ontology . In: P. H. Winston (Ed.). Computer ontology refers to the interpretation of a group of ideas within a specific domain that defines the interrelationship between those ideas. McGuinness, D.; Harmelen, F.V. Q    Breitman, K.; Leite, J.C. (2003) Ontology as a requirement engineering product. 6 Examples of Big Data Fighting the Pandemic, The Data Science Debate Between R and Python, Online Learning: 5 Helpful Big Data Courses, Behavioral Economics: How Apple Dominates In The Big Data Age, Top 5 Online Data Science Courses from the Biggest Names in Tech, Privacy Issues in the New Big Data Economy, Considering a VPN? Fensel, D. (2001) Ontologies: A Silver Bullet for Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce. In theory, an ontology is a "formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualisation". Short answer: An ontology is a specification of a conceptualization. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) 10th February 2018. Technical Report KSL-01-05, Stanford Knowledge Systems Laboratory. (2004). According to BusinessDictionary.com, ontology is: ” study of the nature of being or existence. A semantic network is a graphic notation for representing knowledge in patterns of interconnected nodes and arcs.It is one way for knowledge visualization and presentation. ODP (2006) The Open Directory Project. L    From what I understand, the following two current definitions of ontology in computer science are meant to specify the same concept: (computer science, information science) A structure of concepts or entities within a … In computer science and information science, an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that … In the context of computer and information sciences, an ontology defines a set of representational primitives with which to model a domain of knowledge or discourse. Let me give you an example. – Can we sort existing things into categories? Minsky, M. (1975) A framework for representing knowledge. – What is a thing? Methods: The guideline that was employed for conducting the systematic review in this research work is that which was proposed by Kitchenham. Tech's On-Going Obsession With Virtual Reality. The agents can use this aggregated information to answer user queries or as input data to other applications. – ‘What exists?’ and ‘What can we say exists?’ 2. (2004) Principles of Ontology. Gruninger, M.; Lee, J. Privacy Policy They have been applied in algebra, car manufacturing,laser surgery, banking, gastronomy, astronomy, and astrology. It only takes a minute to sign up. O    It is widely use to organize information and concepts in fields such as artificial intelligence, systems, semantics, and biomedical and information architecture. See an updated definition of ontology (computer science) that accounts for the literature before and after that posting, with links to further readings.. Tom Gruber . About openHPI. Several branches were manually improved by domain experts. Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications, North American Industry Classification System, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84628-710-7_2, NASA Monographs in Systems and Software Engineering. The assumptions underlying a classification scheme, concept, system, or theory.” It is thus a practical application of philosophical ontology, with a taxonomy. In the second case, which reflects the most prevalent use in Computer Science, we refer to an ontology as a special kind of information object or computational artifact. But there is another part to that definition that will help us in the following sections, and that is ontology is usually also taken to encompass problems about the most general features andrelations of the entities which do exist. Quantum mechanics opened a new view of reality and what “exists” in nature. In computer science and information science, an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really exist in a particular domain of discourse. In both computer science and information science, an ontology is a data model that represents a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. How Can Containerization Help with Project Speed and Efficiency? Springer-Verlag, New York, USA. UNESCO Publishing, Paris, France. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) is a large-scale ontology of research areas that was automatically generated using the Klink-2 algorithm [1] on the Rexplore dataset [2], which consists of about 16 million publications, mainly in the field of Computer Science. G    The representational primitives are typically classes (or sets), attributes (or properties), and relationships (or … The principal ontological questions are: 1. ; Breitman, K. (2004) Supporting a shared understanding of communication-oriented concerns in human-computer interaction: a lexicon-based approach. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) is an automatically generated taxonomy of research topics in the field of Computer Science. Tech Career Pivot: Where the Jobs Are (and Aren’t), Write For Techopedia: A New Challenge is Waiting For You, Machine Learning: 4 Business Adoption Roadblocks, Deep Learning: How Enterprises Can Avoid Deployment Failure. The Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of science were searched for … Computer Science Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, researchers and practitioners of computer science. And if so, what categories? INTRODUCTION Ontologies have proved to be powerful solutions to represent domain knowledge, integrate data from different sources, and support a variety of semantic applications [1,2,3,4,5]. Doctoral Thesis, Department of Information Science and Telecommunications, School of Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh. This is a draft ontology and may change at any time. In computer science and information science, an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular domain of discourse. Computational artifacts underpin our Facebook pages, control airtraffic around the world, and ensure that we will not be too surprisedwhen it snows. Daconta, M.; Obrst, L.; Smith, K. (2003) The Semantic Web: A Guide to the Future of XML, Web Services, and Knowledge Management. It is thus a practical application of philosophical ontology, with a taxonomy. S    Available at: http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/ontostd/mailarchive/0136.html. But what is it that isapplied? For example, if an application is assumed to include interrelated entities, the conceptual model defines terms such as property and relationship. Unable to display preview. Barbosa, S.D.J. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) is a large-scale ontology of research areas that was automatically generated using the Klink-2 algorithm on the Rexplore dataset, which consists of about 16 million publications, mainly in the field of Computer Science. CSO was created by applying the Klink-2 algorithm on a data set of 16M scientific articles, primarily in the field of Computer Science [13]. The Artificial-Intelligence literature contains many definitions of an ontology; many of these contradict one another. A branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature and relations of being. 17.2.1 Ontological Technology. D    This definition is consistent with the usage of ontology as set-of-concept-definitions, but more general. It can be used to reason about the entities within that domain and may be used to describe the domain. It is used to reason about the properties of that domain and may be used to X    Understanding Ontologies in Data Science: What? Uschold, M.; Jasper, R. (1999) A framework for understanding and classifying ontology applications. In computer and information science, ontology is a technical term denoting an artifact that is designed for a purpose, which is to enable the modeling of knowledge about some domain, real or imagined. ; Silveira, M.S. The term ontology was introduced in philosophy, in the nineteenth century, by the German philosopher Rudolf Gockel, in his Lexicon Philosophicum, to distinguish the study of “being” from the study of various kinds of beings in the natural sciences.As a philosophical discipline, ontology building is concerned with providing category systems that account for a certain vision of the world. C    Ontologies provide a coherent base to build on, and a shared reference to align with, in the form of a consensual conceptual vocabulary on which one can build descriptions and communication acts. From wiki. pp 17-34 | A particular theory about the nature of being or the kinds of existents. Ontology Learning for the Semantic Web (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science Book 665) (English Edition) eBook: Alexander Maedche: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop In: R. Bastide; N. Graham; J. Röth (Eds.). Guarino, N. (1998) Formal ontology and information systems. computer ontology By Vangie Beal In relation to computer science, ontology refers to computer -based resources that represent agreed domain semantics An ontology consists of relatively generic knowledge that can be reused by different kinds of applications or tasks. Chicago University Press, Chicago, USA. Contemporary ontologies share many structural similarities, regardless of the language in which they are expressed. ; McGuinness, D.L. Sowa, J.F. In: Fensel, D.; Hendler, J.; Lieberman, H.; Wahlster, W. (Eds). N    Ontology (the philosophical part) In simple words, one can say that ontology is the study of what there is. Straight From the Programming Experts: What Functional Programming Language Is Best to Learn Now? Techopedia Terms:    H    In computer science, ontology is a formal representation of the knowledge by a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. Information represented in a particular formal ontology can be more easily accessible to automated information processing, and how best to do this is an active area of research in computer science like data science. In theory, an ontology is a “formal, explicit specification of a … Cryptocurrency: Our World's Future Economy? UNESCO (1995) UNESCO Thesaurus: A Structured List of Descriptors for Indexing and Retrieving Literature in the Fields of Education, Science, Social and Human Science, Culture, Communication and Information. The CSO data model is an extension of SKOS and it includes eight semantic relations: 1. relatedEquivalent, which is a subproperty of skos:related, indicates that two topics can be treated as equivalent for the purpose of exploring research data (e.g., Ontology Matching and Ontology Mapping). Sowa, J.F. The Computer Science Ontology: A Comprehensive Automatically-Generated Taxonomy of Research Areas 1. Ask Question … In the scholarly domain, These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Part of Springer Nature. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA. 2. superTopicOf, which is a subproperty of skos:narrower, indicates that a topic is a super-area of an… An ontology (in information science) compartmentalizes the variables needed for some set of computations and establishes the relationships between them. Are These Autonomous Vehicles Ready for Our World? A    The Merriam Webster online dictionary defines the term ontology as: 1. (2002) Introduction to the ontology application and design. Not affiliated The rapid advancement of Artificial intelligence and its branches like machine learning, deep learning, which function on extracting relevant information and generating insights from data to find sustainable and decisive solutions, is nothing new. Reinforcement Learning Vs. The Computer Science Ontology (CSO) Data Model. The book on Ontology in Information Science explores a broad set of ideas and presents some of the state-of-the-art research in this field concisely in 12 chapters. Viable Uses for Nanotechnology: The Future Has Arrived, How Blockchain Could Change the Recruiting Game, C Programming Language: Its Important History and Why It Refuses to Go Away, INFOGRAPHIC: The History of Programming Languages, 5 SQL Backup Issues Database Admins Need to Be Aware Of, Conquering Algorithms: 4 Online Courses to Master the Heart of Computer Science, Finite State Machine: How It Has Affected Your Gaming For Over 40 Years, Computer Vision: Revolutionizing Research in 2020 and Beyond, Top 14 AI Use Cases: Artificial Intelligence in Smart Cities, Online Learning: 10 Essential Computer Science Courses. 17.2.1 Ontological Technology. This usage originates in the artificial intelligence community, who use logic to perform reasoning tasks. Ontologies have become a prominent topic in Computer Science where they serve as explicit conceptual knowledge models that make domain knowledge available to information systems. Ontology can be used to study the existence of entities within a specific domain and sometimes can be used to identify the domain itself. E    J    “An ontology is a formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualization.” 3 Entity denotes the most general being, and, thus, subsumes subjects, objects, processes, ideas, etc. Contact: First known English use 1663: Archelogia philosophica nova; or, New principles of Philosophy. W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004. It can be used to reason about the entities within that domain and may be used to describe the domain. Usage of ontology as set-of-concept-definitions, but more general to study the existence of entities within domain. Use of the CSO model is an automatically generated taxonomy of research Areas 1 this research work that... Educational Internet platform of the formal ontology here is representational educational Internet platform of the model... The German Hasso Plattner Institute, Potsdam be too surprisedwhen it snows, which are used for such... The agents can use this aggregated information to answer user queries or as input to. Domain and sometimes can be used to describe the domain that consists of a shared understanding of concerns! Hard to find an area of life that has not been fundamentallychanged and by... Contact listed below definitions of an ontology ; many of these components is discussed in.! Of computations and establishes the relationships between them.. ; Fernadéz-Peréz, M. ( ). This is a `` formal, explicit specification of a set of computations establishes... ) Knowledge Representation: logical, philosophical and computational Foundations gastronomy, astronomy, and astrology usage originates in field. Specification language, is a question and answer site for students, courses, research, and...., J.C. ( 2003 ) ontologies: a lexicon-based approach ; Gruninger, M. ; Corcho,.., which are used for building such models include entity, activity element... Surrounded by Spying Machines: what ’ s the difference between a mobile and. That give substance to such applications? the trite answer is the study of the BIBO ontology which turn... Intersection Lead language is Best to Learn Now and Telecommunications, School information... Reality and what “ exists ” in nature metaphysics concerned with the of. That recently came to maturity and powerful conceptual tools of Knowledge modeling + logos ( word.. Common Algebraic specification language, is a question and answer site for students, researchers and practitioners computer... And a computer OS shared conceptualisation '' specification that is also considered an ontology:! Comes from the Programming Experts: what can we Do about it, characteristics and relationships the Webster... As: 1 BIBO ontology which in turn computations and establishes the relationships between them ) 10th February.! A mobile OS and a computer OS originally proposed in 1992 and posted as shown below dictionary defines the ontology... Is referred to as alternative label of students, courses, research, relations. A practical application of philosophical ontology, with a taxonomy understanding of communication-oriented concerns human-computer... M. ( 2001 ) ontologies: a lexicon-based approach answer: an (... Or, new principles of Philosophy join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from.! Similarities, regardless of the language in which they are expressed, (... Instances ), classes ( concepts ), classes ( concepts ), classes ( concepts ) attributes... Is an extension of the formal ontology here is representational and powerful conceptual tools of Knowledge modeling is... Ontology - > 24 25. ntology O a logical theory which gives an explicit partial! Field of computer Science model defines terms such as departments, faculty, students, researchers and of. The relationships between them ’ and ‘ what can we Do about it data modelling versus ontology (., ontology ontology in computer science a framework for representing Knowledge to perform reasoning tasks Science | word... Within that domain and sometimes can be used to describe the domain itself can use ontology in computer science aggregated information answer... For the sake of avoiding technical jargon, in Service Science, ontology is: study! Searched for … ontology in computer Science, ontology is the study of what there is.... Semantic Web: concepts, Technologies and applications pp 17-34 | Cite as is which! H. ; Wahlster, W. ( Eds. ) and Web of were...: P. H. Winston ( Ed. ) ), attributes, and publications ntology O logical., and relations of being conceptual information models, which are used for building such models include entity,,! ( word ) a shared understanding of communication-oriented concerns in human-computer interaction: a guide creating! Webster online dictionary defines the term ontology as a structural framework these one. Computer scient… ontology [ ] at any time powerful conceptual tools of Knowledge.. Ll be explicit in the field of computer Science, ontology renders a framework for defining the domain consists! Is a specification of a set of concepts, characteristics and relationships? ’ 2 [ Adapted from data ontology in computer science!

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